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心血管疾病与2型糖尿病

ID: ANH18207chis
医学动画文字记录:患有高血压和血脂异常的人同时患有2型糖尿病是很常见的。本视频将向你展示所有这些情况如何影响你的健康,以及你可以做些什么来降低你患上2型糖尿病的风险。如果你有高血压,这意味着血液对血管壁的压力太高了。当血压高时,你的心脏必须更努力地工作。一些高血压患者会发展成2型糖尿病。如果你的血液中血脂水平异常,这可能意味着低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL)也被称为坏胆固醇过多;或者这可能意味着被称为好胆固醇的高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL)不足;或者被称为血液中的脂肪甘油三酯水平可能过高。你可能同时有不止一种这种脂质异常。血脂水平异常的人患2型糖尿病的概率更高。2型糖尿病是一种血糖升高的情况。随着时间的推移,高血糖会损害你的心脏和其他器官的血管,导致其他健康问题。高血压、血脂异常和2型糖尿病会在很多方面影响着身体健康。你会有更高的风险患上其他严重的健康问题,如冠状动脉疾病、心脏病、卒中甚至死亡。你可能需要别人的帮助来照顾自己。你可能还需要服用更多的药物。这些情况可能会导致抑郁。好消息是,你可以做一些事情来帮助降低你患2型糖尿病的风险。例如,你可能需要改变生活方式。如果你吸烟,寻求帮助去戒烟。保持或达到健康的体重。遵循健康的饮食计划,包括吃低脂和低钠的食物。与医生一起确定适合你的体育活动量。确保与医生一起控制你的血压和血脂水平。这包括按照医生的处方服用药物。执行你和医生讨论后的治疗计划,你会感觉更好,并降低你患2型糖尿病的风险。

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