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治疗高血糖

ID: AND13013chis
医学动画文字记录:本视频将教给你如何管理和治疗高血糖。在治疗高血糖之前,请观看完整的视频。在你吃了含有碳水化合物的食物后,身体会把它分解成一种叫做葡萄糖的糖。身体会产生一种叫做胰岛素的激素,它可以帮助你利用或储存血糖。当你有糖尿病时,身体不能产生足够的胰岛素或不能正常使用它产生的胰岛素。这会导致血液中有太多的糖,这种情况被称为高血糖症。以下情况可能会导致发生高血糖:当你没有使用足够的胰岛素或糖尿病药物时;服用其他增加血糖的药物;吃了比平时更多的食物或碳水化合物;没有足够的锻炼或体育活动;生病、受伤或做手术;有情绪压力,如家庭或工作问题;或者激素水平发生变化,比如在月经期间。如果有高血糖或血糖过高,你可能会感到非常口渴,不得不大量排尿。你还会感到很疲累,视力模糊。如果你不治疗高血糖,血糖可能会上升到危险的高水平,你需要立即寻求紧急救助。了解如何治疗高血糖的第一步是了解你的正常血糖目标范围。如果你感到或注意到高血糖症状,一定要立即检查血糖水平。如果血糖高于目标范围,确保你喝大量的水或其他无糖液体来保持水分。按照医生的建议使用胰岛素或糖尿病药物。不要服用额外的药物,首先要配合医生进行检查。每4小时检查一次血糖。按照你的正常饮食计划,如果可以的话,增加体育活动或锻炼。如果血糖超过240,就不要运动。运动可能会使血糖水平更高。如果血糖持续高于你的目标范围,或者你注意到以下症状,需要立即治疗:呼吸短促,呼吸有水果味,或嘴巴感觉很干。你可以通过定期检测血糖、遵循正常的饮食计划、遵医嘱服用糖尿病药物、控制压力和定期锻炼来预防高血糖。

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