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关节镜下肩袖修复术

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ID: ANH11044chis
"如果你的肩袖受损,医生可能会建议你做关节镜下肩袖修复。 肩袖由四块肌肉和肌腱组成,它们将上臂骨的头部,也就是肱骨,牢牢固定在肩关节的窝里。肩袖的肌肉牵拉着一束坚韧而无弹性的肌腱,在保持肩关节稳定的同时,可以抬起和旋转你的手臂。 撕裂的肩袖会根据撕裂的严重程度导致手臂活动疼痛、受限或不能活动。在最严重的损伤中,肌腱会从肱骨头的附着处撕裂。由于肌腱的血液供应不足,肩袖肌腱在完全撕裂后无法自行愈合,需要手术。 肩袖可能会因为摔倒、举重、拉扯,或做重复的举臂动作(如投球、游泳和绘画)而受伤。此外,随着年龄增长,正常的磨损也会削弱和破坏肌腱。 医生会先从你的肩膀内侧的皮肤上切入两个小口。接下来,会插入一个关节镜。该设备包括一个光源、一个相机和微型手术器械。关节镜会将图像投射到电视显示器上,以指导医生的操作。医生会用小器械在你的肩关节上做几个小切口来检查受损组织,并修复撕裂的肌腱。接下来,医生会在骨头上钻几个小洞。在那里植入缝合锚钉。医生将通过锚环缝合,并将它们缝合到修复的肌腱上,使肌腱重新连接到骨头。锚钉和缝线会逐渐被愈合的组织吸收。手术结束时,医生会取出关节镜器械,缝合切口。 手术后,用吊带吊起肩膀以提供支撑和保护。你会在康复室待上几个小时,然后当天就能出院回家。"

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