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Item ID: tp0024   Source ID: 2

Description: Medically relevant promotional products from Nucleus are just what the doctor ordered. Physicians love to use our URAC approved, scientifically accurate tear sheet pads for patient education and compliance. Perfect for waiting room or exam room displays, with infinitely customizable designs. CALL for pricing information and samples - 800-333-0753.

Product Specifications: 8.5 x 11 inches or 5.5x 8.5 inches; 50 tear sheets, two-sided information (full color front side, one-color back side), printed on white stock, sturdy cardboard back, detailed medical illustrations in color and continuous tone, space available for overprinting of contact information or product may be customized with new artwork or text (additional charge may... More

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Medically relevant promotional products from Nucleus are just what the doctor ordered. Physicians love to use our URAC approved, scientifically accurate tear sheet pads for patient education and compliance. Perfect for waiting room or exam room displays, with infinitely customizable designs. CALL for pricing information and samples - 800-333-0753.

Product Specifications: 8.5 x 11 inches or 5.5x 8.5 inches; 50 tear sheets, two-sided information (full color front side, one-color back side), printed on white stock, sturdy cardboard back, detailed medical illustrations in color and continuous tone, space available for overprinting of contact information or product may be customized with new artwork or text (additional charge may apply).

This tear sheet pad contains the following information:

Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

Definition

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is interrupted. This deprives the heart muscle of oxygen, causing tissue damage or tissue death. Causes

A heart attack may be caused by:

* Accumulation of fatty plaques in the coronary arteries
* Development of a blood clot in the coronary arteries
* Narrowing of the coronary arteries
* Spasm of the coronary arteries
* Thickening of the walls of the arteries feeding the heart muscle (coronary arteries)

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.

* Diabetes
* Family members with heart disease
* High blood cholesterol (specifically, high LDL cholesterol, and low HDL cholesterol)
* High blood pressure
* High blood triglycerides
* Increased age
* Obesity
* Sedentary lifestyle
* Sex: Male
* Smoking
* Stress

Symptoms

Symptoms include:

* Loss of consciousness
* Nausea
* Pain in the left shoulder, left arm, or jaw
* Shortness of breath
* Squeezing, heavy chest pain, especially with:
      o A large meal
      o Cold weather
      o Emotional stress
      o Exercise or exertion
* Sweating, clammy skin
* Weakness

Unusual symptoms of heart attack (may occur more frequently in women):

* Back pain
* Confusion
* Fainting
* Stomach pain

Diagnosis

If you think you are having a heart attack, call 911 immediately. You need emergency medical care.

Tests may include:

Blood Tests – to look for certain substances found in the blood within hours or days after a heart attack. Blood tests will be repeated every 6-8 hours to track the progressive elevation of certain enzymes that indicate heart muscle damage.

Urine Tests – to look for certain substances found in the urine within hours or days after a heart attack

Electrocardiogram (EKG) – records the heart's activity by measuring electrical currents through the heart muscle. Certain abnormalities in the EKG occur when there is significant blockage of the coronary arteries and/or damage to the heart muscle. The EKG will be repeated to track the progression of these changes.

Echocardiogram – uses high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to examine the size, shape, and motion of the heart

Stress Test – records the heart's electrical activity under increased physical demand

Thallium Stress Test – thallium is used to scan the myocardium, the middle layer of the heart

Nuclear Scanning – radioactive material is injected into a vein and observed as it is absorbed by the heart muscle

Electron-beam CT scan – a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of the heart and surrounding structures

Coronary Angiography – x-rays taken after a dye is injected into the arteries; to look for abnormalities in the arteries Treatment

Treatment may include:

* Anti-anxiety medications
* Atropine
* Beta-blocking and/or ACE inhibitor medications
* Clot-busting agents: within the first six hours after a heart attack, you may be given medications to break up blood clots in the coronary arteries. These include:
      o APSAC
      o Streptokinase
      o Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)
* Nitrate medications
* Oxygen
* Pain-killing medications (such as morphine)

Surgery

Surgeries for people with severe blockages in their coronary arteries may include:

* Atherectomy
* Balloon angioplasty with or without stenting
* Coronary bypass graft

Physical or Rehabilitative Therapy

During recovery from a heart attack, you may need physical or rehabilitative therapy to help you regain your strength. Psychotherapy or Antidepressant Medication

Some people have depression after suffering a heart attack. If you do, psychotherapy and/or antidepressant medications may help relieve depression. Prevention

Preventing or treating coronary artery disease may help prevent a heart attack.

* Appropriately treat high blood pressure and/or diabetes.
* Ask your doctor about taking a small, daily dose of aspirin. It has been shown to decrease the risk of heart attack.
* Ask your doctor about taking cholesterol-lowering medications.
* Ask your doctor about taking medication to improve heart function or prevent future ehart attacks, such as:
      o ACE-inhibitors
      o Beta-blockers
      o Digitalis-type drugs
      o Platelet inhibiting drugs
* Ask your doctor about taking nitrate medications if you have angina due to coronary artery disease.
* Begin a safe exercise program with the advice of your doctor.
* Eat a healthful diet, one that is low in saturated fat and rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
* If you smoke, quit.
* Maintain a healthy weight.

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