Loading…
Logo Catalog

阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

ID: ANH13095chis
如果你患有阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停,你在睡觉时呼吸会短暂停顿。正常情况下,当你吸气时,空气通过口腔和鼻腔流入咽喉。然后,空气会让气管蠕动减速,通过由更小的管道组成的树状结构扩散到你的肺部。每次吸气时,负压会将口腔和咽部的软组织向内吸。咽部肌肉的反应是将软组织再次向外拉,从而保持呼吸道畅通。当你睡觉时,口腔、舌头和咽部的肌肉会轻微松弛,但不至于阻塞气道。如果你患有阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停,口腔和咽部的肌肉可能会过度松弛。你的舌头落在上颚的软组织上,把它压在喉的后面。这会完全阻碍空气进入肺部。肺部缺氧会让你醒来。在再次入睡前,你可能会大口喘气以恢复空气流通。呼吸暂停和醒来的循环可能在晚上发生很多次,妨碍了宁静的睡眠。导致阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停的因素包括:肥胖,因为更多的脂肪可能存在于咽壁;下颌小或后退;气道狭窄;由于年龄增长导致咽部肌肉张力下降;以及扁桃体肿大。阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停的常见症状有打鼾、早晨头痛、白天慢性嗜睡、疲劳、易怒和注意力不集中。如果不及时治疗,阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停可能会导致并发症,如高血压、心脏病、称为心律失常的不规则心跳、卒中和糖尿病。医生可能会建议改变生活方式来治疗阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停,包括减肥,侧卧,不吸烟,避免使用会让你困倦的物质如酒精和镇静剂。对于轻度或中度阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停,口腔器械可以保持呼吸道畅通。这个装置的工作原理是把你的下巴向前拉,把舌头和上颚从喉后面移开。阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停最常见和最有效的治疗方法是持续气道正压通气(CPAP)。这台机器通过一根管子将空气泵入一个面罩,戴在鼻和口上。CPAP机器的温和气压有助于保持你的气道畅通,使你能得到一个深度、舒适的睡眠。

Nucleus Medical Media Disclaimer of Medical and Legal Liability

Nucleus Medical Media ("Nucleus") does not dispense medical or legal advice, and the text, illustrations, photographs, animations and other information ("Content") available on this web site is for general information purposes only. As with any medical or legal issue, it is up to you to consult a physician or attorney for professional advice. YOU SHOULD NOT DISREGARD PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL OR LEGAL ADVICE BASED ON CONTENT CONTAINED ON THIS WEB SITE, NOR SHOULD YOU RELY ON THE CONTENT ON THIS WEB SITE IN PLACE OF PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL OR LEGAL ADVICE.

NUCLEUS DISCLAIMS ALL RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY FOR ANY COUNSEL, ADVICE, TREATMENT, DIAGNOSIS OR ANY MEDICAL, LEGAL OR OTHER INFORMATION, SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT YOU OBTAIN BASED ON VIEWING THE CONTENT OF THIS SITE. THE INFORMATION ON THIS WEB SITE SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED COMPLETE OR SUITABLE FOR ANY PURPOSE WHATSOEVER.

Mature Content Disclaimer: Certain Content on this web site contains graphic depictions or descriptions of medical information, which may be offensive to some viewers. Nucleus, its licensors, and its suppliers disclaim all responsibility for such materials.

close