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糖尿病与患心脏病的风险

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ID: ANH18208chis
医学动画文字记录:患糖尿病的人群患上心脏病等许多疾病的概率更高。本视频将向你展示心脏病是如何发展的,它将如何影响你的健康,以及你可以做些什么来帮助降低患心脏病的风险。如果患上糖尿病,这意味着你的血糖升高了。经年累月,高血糖会损害心脏和其他器官的血管,导致其他健康问题。这意味着,你患糖尿病的时间越长,患心脏病的风险就越大。心脏病有不同类型,包括冠心病、心肌病、心律失常和心力衰竭。冠心病是在心脏的血管内被一种叫做斑块的充满胆固醇的物质所积聚。冠心病斑块的积聚会增加心脏病发作的风险。心肌病是指心肌的疾病。心肌病可能导致心律失常。心肌病也可能导致心力衰竭。这意味着脆弱的心脏不能泵出足够的血液来满足身体的需要。同时患有糖尿病和心脏病会在很多方面影响身体健康。你会有更高的风险出现其他严重的健康问题,如心脏病发作、卒中,甚至死亡。这会让你在进行日常活动时更为艰难。你需要别人的帮助才能照顾自己。你还需要服用更多的药物。这些的生活可能会导致抑郁。好消息是,你可以做一些事情来帮助降低患心脏病的风险。例如,你可能需要改变你的生活方式。如果你吸烟,可以寻求帮助去戒烟。吸烟和糖尿病都会使你的血管狭窄,从而增加你患心脏病或卒中的风险。保持或达到健康的体重。遵循健康的饮食计划。定期进行体育锻炼。向医生咨询适合你的体育活动量。确保与医生配合来控制血糖、胆固醇和血压。这包括使用医生开的所有药物,包括胰岛素和帮助降低血糖、血压和胆固醇的药物。执行你和医生讨论后的治疗计划将帮助你感觉更好,并降低患心脏病的风险。

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