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管理头颈部癌症

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医学动画文字记录:你或你关心的人可能被诊断出患有头颈癌。本视频将帮助你了解如何管理它。最常见的头颈部癌症类型为鳞状细胞癌,是一种癌细胞在鼻、鼻窦、口腔、咽喉、喉或唾液腺内形成的疾病。头颈部癌症的治疗可以去除或破坏癌症,但治疗可能会影响说话、吃东西或吞咽的能力,这取决于癌症的位置。你可能需要进行康复或重建手术来保持或恢复功能,这样就可以在治疗后尽快恢复活动。例如,如果你有说话或吞咽问题,言语语言病理学家可以帮助你进行吞咽练习或语言治疗。治疗后,有一个护理随访计划是非常重要的,包括随访预约。医生会要检查任何癌症复发的迹象,以及可能由治疗导致的健康问题。医生可能会安排实验室检查或影像学检查,如磁共振或CT扫描来检查癌症。如果你正在服用任何药物,请按照医生的处方继续服用。记录下任何副作用并告诉医生。如果你接受了手术或其他治疗,请遵循医嘱。有一些生活方式的改变可以改善你的健康状况,帮助你感觉更好。戒烟很重要,可以降低癌症复发或扩散的风险。限制饮酒量可以降低患癌症的风险。健康饮食,多吃水果、蔬菜和全谷物,也可以降低患某些癌症的风险。进行体力活动,如散步、骑自行车或游泳可以帮助你感觉更好,减少疲劳感。在开始日常锻炼之前,请咨询医生。得知自己得了癌症会让人不知所措。你可能会担心你的病情以及它对家庭、治疗和住院、治疗费用和工作的影响。有很多方法可以帮助你解决这个问题。请记住,医生和医疗保健团队会回答你的任何问题。以下的援助资源可以帮助解决你的担忧:社会工作者、宗教领袖、顾问和援助团队。如果你对治疗计划、药物或生活方式的改变有任何疑问,请咨询医生,以帮助你管理头颈部癌症。

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