Loading…
Logo Catalog

带状疱疹

Display this animation on your web site today! Click to find out how.
ID: ANH13088chis
医疗动画文字记录:带状疱疹是一种由水痘病毒(也称为水痘-带状疱疹病毒)引起的成人皮肤疼痛的疾病。如果你小时候得过水痘,你的部分神经内仍然有水痘-带状疱疹病毒,但不是活性的形式。由于未知的原因,水痘-带状疱疹病毒可能会在老年人或免疫系统较弱的人身上再次活跃起来。重新激活的病毒沿着神经传播到皮肤,引起麻木、刺痛和疼痛等症状。这些症状之后很快就会出现红色水疱疹。带状疱疹通常发生在身体一侧的一块部位上。它也可能发生在一侧肩膀、颈部或头部的一侧。在3~5天内,皮疹中的肿块充满液体,变成看起来像水痘的水疱。接下来,水疱里充满了脓,迫使它们裂开,开始结痂。当结痂脱落,水疱愈合时,疼痛通常就会消失。这些症状通常持续1~2个月。你可能会经历带状疱疹的并发症,称为带状疱疹后神经痛(PHN),即皮疹消失后仍然疼痛。带状疱疹的其他并发症包括视力下降(如果带状疱疹发生在眼睛周围)、肺炎、听力问题、脑炎、神经问题和皮肤感染。水痘疫苗和带状疱疹疫苗都可以显著降低患带状疱疹和带状疱疹后神经痛的风险。虽然带状疱疹没有治愈方法,但如果在皮疹出现后的三天内服用诸如阿昔洛韦(acyclovir)等抗病毒药物,可以加快愈合速度并减轻皮疹的严重程度。为了减轻疼痛,医生可能会推荐非处方止痛药、炉甘石洗液、冷敷和燕麦浴。对于严重的带状疱疹后神经痛,医生可能会给你开加巴喷丁等药物。

Nucleus Medical Media Disclaimer of Medical and Legal Liability

Nucleus Medical Media ("Nucleus") does not dispense medical or legal advice, and the text, illustrations, photographs, animations and other information ("Content") available on this web site is for general information purposes only. As with any medical or legal issue, it is up to you to consult a physician or attorney for professional advice. YOU SHOULD NOT DISREGARD PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL OR LEGAL ADVICE BASED ON CONTENT CONTAINED ON THIS WEB SITE, NOR SHOULD YOU RELY ON THE CONTENT ON THIS WEB SITE IN PLACE OF PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL OR LEGAL ADVICE.

NUCLEUS DISCLAIMS ALL RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY FOR ANY COUNSEL, ADVICE, TREATMENT, DIAGNOSIS OR ANY MEDICAL, LEGAL OR OTHER INFORMATION, SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT YOU OBTAIN BASED ON VIEWING THE CONTENT OF THIS SITE. THE INFORMATION ON THIS WEB SITE SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED COMPLETE OR SUITABLE FOR ANY PURPOSE WHATSOEVER.

Mature Content Disclaimer: Certain Content on this web site contains graphic depictions or descriptions of medical information, which may be offensive to some viewers. Nucleus, its licensors, and its suppliers disclaim all responsibility for such materials.

close