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医疗相关感染

ID: ANH12066chis
医学动画文字记录:医疗相关感染(HAIs)是指你在卫生保健机构接受不同疾病治疗时可能受到的感染。细菌,如耐甲氧西林金黄色葡萄球菌(MRSA),肠球菌和艰难梭菌(C-diff),经常是医疗相关感染的原因。这些感染是世界范围内人员死亡的主要原因。这些细菌因人们缺乏适当的手卫生,成为人与人之间传播的最常见的方式之一。当人们不洗手时,就会将微生物从一个病人传播到另一个病人,或者将同一病人身体的一个部位转移到另一个部位。与卫生保健相关的感染有四种常见类型。当细菌进入你的切口并通过组织扩散时,就会导致手术伤口感染。当膀胱里有导尿管时,就会发生尿路感染。导尿管是一种用来排尿的管子。细菌可以通过导尿管进入泌尿系统,使细菌进入膀胱,在那里生长。当静脉中有中心静脉置管时,就会发生血液感染。中心静脉置管是一根细长的管子,用于将液体或药物输送到靠近心脏的大静脉中。细菌可以进入插入部位周围的皮肤,或直接进入血液,从而导致感染。当你使用呼吸机,可能会导致肺炎。当你使用呼吸机时,细菌会进入喉咙。然后你可能会将细菌吸入肺部,导致感染,从而导致肺炎。手卫生——一种简单、低成本和有效的操作,是预防医疗相关感染的唯一最重要的方法。医疗设施中的所有人,包括病人、访客和医务人员,都可以通过经常洗手来帮助预防这些感染。用肥皂和流动的水洗手40~60秒,或者用含酒精的洗手液彻底搓洗20~30秒。如果你正在接受医疗帮助,你就是医疗保健团队的一员。你应该确保所有与你接触的人都洗手。

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